Colorado State University Stream Ecology Lab
Dr. LeRoy Poff
Lab People

N.L. Poff Publications

Many of my publications are available as pdf files. These are indicated in the list below. Note that most publications before 2001 are scanned files and are therefore rather large (2-4 MB). If you wish to request a hard copy of a publication, please send me email.

‹› 2015 ‹› 2014 ‹› 2013 ‹› 2012 ‹› 2011 ‹› 2010 ‹› 2009 ‹› 2008 ‹› 2007 ‹› 2006 ‹› 2005 ‹› 2004 ‹› 2003 ‹› 2002 ‹› 2001 ‹› 2000 ‹› 1999 ‹› 1998 ‹› 1997 ‹› 1996 ‹› 1995 ‹› 1994 ‹› 1993 ‹› 1992 ‹› 1991 ‹› 1990 ‹› 1989 ‹› 1988 ‹› 1987 ‹› 1986 ‹› 1985 ‹›

Copyright Notice: This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.



Poff N.L., C. Brown, T. Grantham, J.M. Matthews, M.A. Palmer, C. Spence, R. Wilby,, M. Haasnoot, G.F. Mendoza, K. Dominique, and A. Baeza. 2015. Sustainable water management under future uncertainty with eco-engineering decision scaling. Nature Climate Change DOI:10.1038/NCLIMATE2765 paper + supplement

Harrington, R.A., N.L. Poff, B.C. Kondratieff. 2015. Aquatic insect beta-diversity is not dependent on elevation in Southern Rocky Mountain streams. Freshwater Biology doi:10.1111/fwb.12693.

Martin, D.M., J.W. Labadie, N.L. Poff. 2015. Incorporating social preferences into the ecological limits of hydrologic alteration (ELOHA): a case study in the Yampa-White River basin, Colorado. Freshwater Biology 60:1890-1900. doi:10.1111/fwb.12619.

Wohl, E.E., B. Bledsoe, R. Jacobson, N.L. Poff, S. Rathburn, D. Walters, and A. Wilcox. 2015. The natural sediment regime in rivers: broadening the foundation for ecosystem management. BioScience 65:358-371.

McShane, R.R., D.A. Auerbach*, J.M. Friedman, G.T. Auble, P.B. Shafroth, M.F. Merigliano, M.L. Scott, and N.L. Poff. 2015. Climatic, hydrologic and geomorphic controls of woody riparian plant distribution and abundance in the western USA. Ecography 38, doi: 10.1111/ecog.01285

Reynolds, L.V., P.B. Shafroth, and N.L. Poff. 2015. Modeled intermittency risk for small streams in the Upper Colorado River Basin under climate change. Journal of Hydrology 523:768780.

Schmera, D., J. Podani, J. Heino, T. Er?s, and N.L. Poff. 2015. A proposed unified terminology of species traits in stream ecology. Freshwater Science 34:823-830. available online

Maheu, A., N.L. Poff, and A.St-Hilaire. 2015. A classification of stream water temperature regimes in the conterminous United States. River Research & Applications DOI: 10.1002/rra.2906

Webb, J.A., S.C. De Little, K.A. Miller, M.J. Stewardson, I.D. Rutherfurd, A.K. Sharpe, L. Patulny, and N.L. Poff. 2015. A general approach to predicting ecological responses to environmental flows: making best use of the literature, expert knowledge, and monitoring. River Research & Applicatoins 31:505-514


N.L. Poff. 2014. Rivers of the Anthropocene? Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 12:427 (

Auerbach, D.F., D. Deisenroth, R.M. McShane, K.E. McCluney, and N.L. Poff. 2014. Beyond the Concrete: Accounting for ecosystem services from free-flowing rivers. Ecosystem Services 10:1-5

Gill, B.A., R.A. Harrington, B.C. Kondratieff, K.R. Zamudio, N.L. Poff, and W.C. Funk. 2014. Morphological taxonomy, DNA bardocing, an species diversity in southern Rocky Mountain headwater streams. Freshwater Science 33:288-301

McCluney, K.E., N.L. Poff, J.H. Thorp, G.C. Poole, M.A. Palmer, M. Williams, B.S. Williamson, & J.S. Baron. 2014. Riverine macroecology: a framework for understanding the sensitivity, resistance, and resilience of large river basins and responses to multiple human alterations. Frontiers in Ecology & Environment 12: 48–58, doi:10.1890/120367

Wilding, T.K., J.S. Sanderson, D.M. Merritt, S.B. Rood, & N.L. Poff. 2014. Riparian responses to reduced flood flows: comparing and contrasting narrowleaf and broadleaf cottonwoods. Hydrological Sciences Journal 59: 605–617 (Special issue on environmental flows") DOI:10.1080/02626667.2014.880786

Wilding, T.K., B.P. Bledsoe, N.L. Poff & J.S. Sanderson. 2014. Predicting rapid habitat response to flow using generalized habitat models for trout in Rocky Mountain streams. River Research & Applications 30: 805–824 (published online at, DOI: 10.1002/rra.2678)

Martin, D.M., D. Harrison-Atlas, N.A. Sutfin, and N.L. Poff. 2014. Integrative water data and the quest for holistic environmental flows management. Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education 153(1):49-58

Wohl, E.E., N.L. Poff, A. Gerlak, and A. Chin. 2014. Common core themes in geomorphic, ecological and social systems. Environmental Management 53:4-13

Harden, C., A. Chin, M. English, R. Fu, K. Galvin, A. Gerlak, P. McDowell, D. McNamara, J. Peterson, N.L. Poff, E. Rosa, W. Solecki, & E.E. Wohl. 2014. Understanding Human–Landscape Interactions in the “Anthropocene.” Environmental Management 53:4–13 DOI 10.1007/s00267-013-0082-0



Poff N.L. & J.H. Matthews. 2013. Environmental flows in the Anthropocence: Learning from the past to project the future? Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 5:667-675

Pahl-Wostl, C., A. Arthington, J. Bogardi, S. Bunn, H. Hoff, L. Lebel, E. Nikitina, M.A. Palmer, N.L. Poff, K. Richards, M. Schlüter, R. Schulze, A. St-Hilaire, R. Tharme, K. Tockner, and D. Tsegai. 2013. Environmental flows and water governance: managing sustainable water uses. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability (early view: July 17, 2013 at,

Webb, J.A., K.A. Miller, E.L. King, S.C. de Little, M.J. Stewardson, J. Zimmerman, & N.L. Poff. 2013. Reaching stronger conclusions from literature reviews: a systematic re-analysis of published evidence on ecological responses to altered flows. Freshwater Biology 58:2439-2451, DOI: 10.1111/fwb.12234



Poff N.L., J.D. Olden & D.S. Strayer. 2012. Climate change and freshwater extinction risk. Pages 309-336 in Saving a Million Species: Extinction Risk from Climate Change (L. Hannah, Ed.), Island Press.

Poff N.L. & B.D. Richter. 2011. Aquatic ecosystem sustainability in 2050. Pages 175-186 in Toward a Sustainable Water Future: Visions for 2050. American Society of Civil Engineers special publication, ISBN 978-0-7844-1207-7 (W.M. Grayman, D.P. Loucks, and L. Saito, Eds).

Auerbach D.A., N.L. Poff, R.R. McShane, D.M. Merritt, M.I. Pyne & T. Wilding 2012. Streams past and future: Fluvial Responses to Rapid Environmental Change in the Context of Historical Variation. Pages 232-245 in Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (J.A. Wiens, G.D. Hayward, H.D. Saford, and C.M. Giffen, Eds.). (in press)

Solans, M.A. & N.L. Poff. 2012. Classification of natural flow regimes in the Ebro Basin (Spain) by using a wide range of hydrologic parameters. River Research & Applications DOI: 10.1002/rra.2598 (early view at

Wellnitz, T. & N.L. Poff. 2012. Current-mediated periphytic structure modifies grazer interactions and algal removal. Aquatic Ecology DOI 10.1007/s10452-012-9419-7 (published online October 18, 2012)




Auerbach D.A. & N.L. Poff. 2011. Spatiotemporal controls of simulated metacomunity dynamics in dendritic networks. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 30:235-251.

Finn D.S. & N.L. Poff. 2011. Examining spatial concordance of genetic and species diversity patterns to evaluate
the role of dispersal limitation in structuring headwater metacommunities. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 30:273-283.

Olden J.D., M.J. Kennard, J.J. Lawler & N.L. Poff. 2011. Challenges and opportunities in implementing managed relocation for conservation of freshwater species. Conservation Biology 25:40-47. (DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01557.x)

Baker, D.W., B.P. Bledsoe, C.M. Albano, and N.L. Poff. 2011. Downstream effects of diversion dams on sediment and hydraulic conditions of Rocky Mountain streams. River Research and Applications 27:388-401 (DOI: 10.1002/rra.1376)

Culp, J.M., D.G. Armanini, M.J. Dunbar, J.M. Orlofske J.M., N.L. Poff, A.I. Pollard, A.G. Yates & G.C. Hose. 2011. Incorporating traits in aquatic biomonitoring to enhance causal diagnosis and prediction. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 7:187-197. (DOI: 10.1002/ieam.128)

Sanderson, J.S., N. Rowan, T. Wilding, B.P. Bledsoe, W.J. Miller, & N.L. Poff. Getting to scale with environmental flow assessment: the Watershed Flow Evaluation Tool. River Research and Applications. Article first published online 27 June 2011, DOI: 10.1002/rra.1542)




Poff N.L., B. Richter, A.H. Arthington, S.E.Bunn, R.J. Naiman, E. Kendy, M. Acreman, C. Apse, B.P. Bledsoe, M. Freeman, J. Henriksen, R.B. Jacobson, J. Kennen, D.M. Merritt, J. O’Keeffe, J.D. Olden, K. Rogers, R.E. Tharme & A. Warner. 2010. The Ecological Limits of Hydrologic Alteration (ELOHA): a new framework for developing regional environmental flow standards. Freshwater Biology 55:147-170.

Poff N.L. and Zimmerman J.K.H. 2010. Ecological responses to altered flow regimes: a literature review to inform environmental flows science and management. Freshwater Biology 55:194-20.

Merritt, D.M., M.L. Scott, N.L. Poff, G.T. Auble, and D.A. Lytle. 2010. Theory, methods, and tools for determining environmental flows for riparian vegetation: riparian vegetation-flow response guilds. Freshwater Biology 55:206-225.

Stewart-Koster, B., S.E. Bunn, S.J. Mackay, N.L. Poff, R.J. Naiman, and P.S. Lake. 2010. The use of Bayesian networks to guide investments in flow and catchment restoration for impaired river ecosystems. Freshwater Biology 55:243-260.

NOTE: The special issue of Freshwater Biology (Volume 55 (1)) devoted to environmental flows can be veiwed at

Merritt, D.A., and N.L. Poff. Shifting dominance of riparian Populus and Tamarix along gradients of flow alteration in western U.S. rivers. Ecological Applications 20:135-152.

Webb, C.T., J.A. Hoeting, G.M. Ames, M.I. Pyne, and N.L. Poff. A structured and dynamic framework to advance traits-based theory and prediction in ecology. Ecology Letters 13:267–283.

Poff N.L., M.I. Pyne, B.P. Bledsoe, C.C. Cuhaciyan, and D.M. Carlisle. 2010. Developing linkages between species traits and multiscaled environmental variation to explore vulnerability of stream benthic communities to climate change Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29:1441-1458.

Supplemental Material

Mims M.C., J.D. Olden, Z.R. Shattuck, and N.L. Poff. Life history trait diversity of native freshwater fishes in North America. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 19:390-400




Poff, N.L. Managing for variation to sustain freshwater ecosystems. 2009. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 135:1-4. (invited editorial)

Gao, X., R.M. Vogel, C.N. Kroll, N.L. Poff, and J.D. Olden. 2009. Development of representative indicators of hydrologic alteration. Journal of Hydrology 374:136-147.

Palmer, M.A., D.P. Lettenmaier, N.L. Poff, S. Postel, B. Richter, and R. Warner. 2009. Climate change and river ecosystems: protection and adaptation options. Environmental Management 44:1053–1068




Olden, J.D., N.L. Poff, and K. Bestgen. Trait synergisms and the rarity, extirpation, and extinction risk of endiemic fishes in the Colorado River Basin. Ecology 89:847-856.

Olden, J.D., J.J. Lawler, and N.L. Poff. Machine learning methods without tears: a primer for ecologists. Quarterly Review of Biology 83:171-193.

Moline, A.B. and N.L. Poff. Growth of an invertebrate shredder on native (Populus) and non-native (Tamarix, Elaeagnus) leaf litter. Freshwater Biology 53:1012-1020.

Souchon, Y., C. Sabaton, R. Deibel, D. Reiser, J. Kershner, M. Gard, C. Katopodis, P. Leonard, N.L. Poff, W.J. Miller, and B.L. Lamb. 2008. Detecting biological responses to flow management: missed opportunities, future directions. River Research & Applications 24:506-518.

Barbour, M.T., N.L. Poff, R.H. Norris, and J.D. Allan. 2008. Perspective: communicating our science to influence public policy. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 27:562-569.

Palmer, M.A., D. Lettenmaier, N.L. Poff, S. Postel, B.D. Richter and R. Warner. 2008. Wild and Scenic Rivers, pp. 6-1 to 6-73 in Preliminary Review of Adaptation Options for Climate-Sensitive Ecosystems and Resources. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research [Julius, S.H., J.M. West (eds.), J.S. Baron, B. Griffith, L.A. Joyce, P. Kareiva, B.D. keller, M.A. Palmer, C.H. Peterson, and J.M. Scott (authors)]. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC, USA, (873 pp.). Available at

Lettenmaier, D.P., D. Major, N.L. Poff, and S. Running. 2008. Water Resources, pp. 121-150 in The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity in the United States. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Synthesis and Assessment Product 4.4. [M. Walsh, Managing editor), P. Backlund, A. Janetos, and D. Schimel (convening lead authors). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington DC, USA Available at

Parasiewicz, P., J. Nestler, N. L. Poff, and R. A. Goodwin. 2008. Virtual reference river: a model for scientific discovery and reconciliation. Pages 189-206 in M. S. Alonso and I. M. Rubio, editors, Ecological Management: New Research. Editors, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppauge, NY (ISBN: 978-1-60456-786-1)




Poff, N.L., J.D. Olden, D. Merritt, and D. Pepin. 2007. Homogenization of regional river dynamics by dams and global biodiversity implications. Proceedings of the National Academcy of Sciences 104:5732-5737.

Wohl, E., D. Cooper, N.L. Poff, F. Rahel, D. Staley, and D. Winters. 2007. Assessment of stream ecosystem function and sensitivity in the Bighorn National Forest, Wyoming. Environmental Management 40:284-302.

Thorp, R.A., J.B. Monroe, E.C. Thorp, T.A. Wellnitz, and N.L. Poff. 2007. Food and habitat relationships of Claassenia sabulosa (Plecoptera: Perlidae) in the upper Colorado River, Colorado. Western North American Naturalist 67:57-62.

Kennard, M.J., J.D. Olden, A.H. Arthington, B.J. Pusey, and N.L. Poff. Flow regime and habitat interact at multiple scales to shape fish assemblages in hydrologically variable rivers of eastern Australia. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64:1346-1259.




Poff, N.L., J.D. Olden, N.K.M. Vieira, D.S. Finn, M.P. Simmons, and B.C. Kondratieff. 2006. Functional trait niches of North American lotic insects: trait-based ecological applications in light of phylogenetic relationships. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 25:730-755. [Rosemary Mackay Fund special paper]

link to supplemental data -

Poff, N.L., B.D. Bledsoe, and C.O. Cuhaciyan. Hydrologic variation with land use across the contiguous United States: geomorphic and ecological consequences for stream ecosystems. Geomorphology 79:264-285. [Invited paper for 2006 Binghamton Conference]

Poff, N. L., J. D. Olden, D. M. Pepin and B. P. Bledsoe. 2006. Placing global stream flow variability in geographic and geomorphic contexts. River Research and Applications 22(2): 149-166.

Finn, D.L., D.M. Theobald, W.C. Black IV, and N.L. Poff. 2006. Spatial population genetic structure and limited dispersal in a Rocky Mountain alpine stream insect. Molecular Ecology 15:3553-3566.

Olden, J. D., N. L. Poff and K. R. Bestgen. 2006. Life-history strategies predict fish invasions and extirpations in the Colorado River Basin. Ecological Monographs 76(1): 25-40.

Arthington, A.H., S.E. Bunn, N.L. Poff, and R.J. Naiman. 2006. The challenge of providing environmental flow rules to sustain river ecosystems. Ecological Applications 16:1311-1318.

Hoffman, A.L., J.D. Olden, J.B.Monroe, N.L. Poff, T. Wellnitz, and J.A. Wiens. 2006. Flow velocity and benthic structure shape aquatic herbivore movement. Oikos 115:358-368.

Olden, J.D, N.L. Poff, and B. P. Bledsoe. 2006. Incorporating ecological knowledge into ecoinformatics: An example of modeling hierarchically structured aquatic communities with neural networks. Ecological Informatics 1: 33-42.

Olden, J. D., N. L. Poff and M. L. McKinney. 2006. Forecasting faunal and floral homogenization associated with human population geography in North America. Biological Conservation 127(3): 261-271.

Wellnitz, T. A. and N. L. Poff. 2006. Herbivory, current velocity and algal regrowth: how does the periphyton grow when the grazers have gone? Freshwater Biology 51:2114-2123.

Williams, J. B. and N. L. Poff. 2006. Informatics software for the ecologist's toolbox: a basic example. Ecological Informatics 1:325-329.

Groffman, P.M., J.S. Baron, T. Blett, A.J. Gold, I. Goodman, L.H. Gunderson, B. Levinson, M.A. Palmer, H.W. Paerl, G.D. Peterson, N.L. Poff, D.W. Rejeski, J.F. Reynolds, M.G. Turner, K.C. Weathers, J. Wiens. 2006. Ecological thresholds: the key to successful environmental management or an important concept with no practical application? Ecosystems 9:1-13.

Vieira, N. K.M., Poff, N. L., Carlisle, D. M., Moulton, S. R., Koski, M. L., and Kondratieff, B. C., 2006. A database of lotic invertebrate traits for North America: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 187,




Finn, D.S. and N.L. Poff. 2005. Variability and convergence in benthic communities along the longitudinal gradients of four physically similar Rocky Mountain streams. Freshwater Biology 50(2): 243-261.

Wohl, E., P. L. Angermeier, B. Bledsoe, G. M. Kondolf, L. MacDonnell, D. M. Merritt, M. A. Palmer, N. L. Poff and D. Tarboton. 2005. River restoration. Water Resources Research 41 W10301, doi:10.1029/2005WR003985.

Gibson, C. A., J. L. Meyer, N. L. Poff, L. E. Hay and A. Georgakakos. 2005. Flow regime alterations under changing climate in two river basins: Implications for freshwater ecosystems. River Research and Applications 21(8): 849-864.

Olden, J.D. and N.L. Poff. 2005. Long–term trends of native and non–native fish faunas in the American
Southwest. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 28(1): 75–89.

Olden, J.D., N.L. Poff, and M.L. McKinney. 2005. Forecasting patterns of faunal and floral homogenization associated with human population geography in North America. Biological Conservation 127:261-271.

Monroe, J.B., N.L. Poff, and R. Thorp. 2005. Natural history of Pogastia partica in a regulated reach of the upper Colorado River. 2005. Southwestern American Naturalist 65:451-461. NA

Allan, J.D., M.A. Palmer, and N.L. Poff. 2005. Climate Change and Freshwater Ecosystems. Pages 274-290 in T.E. Lovejoy and L. Hannah (eds.), Climate Change and Biodiversity. Yale University Press. NA




Benda, L., N. L. Poff, D. Miller, T. Dunne, G. Reeves, G. Pess and M. Pollock. 2004. The network dynamics hypothesis: How channel networks structure riverine habitats. Bioscience 54(5): 413-427.

Olden, J.D., N.L. Poff, M.R. Douglas, M.E. Douglass, and K.D. Fausch. 2004. Ecological and evolutionary consequences of biotic homogenization ­ beyond a simple focus on species diversity loss. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 19:18-24.

Olden J.D. and N.L. Poff. 2004. Clarifying biotic homogenization - response. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 19(6): 283.

Olden, J. D. and N. L. Poff. 2004. Ecological processes driving biotic homogenization: Testing a mechanistic model using fish faunas. Ecology 85(7): 1867-1875.

Olden, J. D., A. L. Hoffman, J. B. Monroe and N. L. Poff. 2004. Movement behaviour and dynamics of an aquatic insect in a stream benthic landscape. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie 82(7): 1135-1146.

Olden, J. D., R. L. Schooley, J. B. Monroe and N. L. Poff. 2004. Context-dependent perceptual ranges and their relevance to animal movements in landscapes. Journal of Animal Ecology 73(6): 1190-1194.

Cook, R. R., P. L. Angermeier, D. S. Finn, N. L. Poff and K. L. Krueger. 2004. Geographic variation in patterns of nestedness among local stream fish assemblages in Virginia. Oecologia 140(4): 639-649.

Lytle, D.A., and N.L. Poff. Adaptation to natural flow regimes. 2004. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 19:94-100.




Poff, N. L., J. D. Allan, M. A. Palmer, D. D. Hart, B. D. Richter, A. H. Arthington, K. H. Rogers, J. L. Meyers and J. A. Stanford. 2003. Fiver flows and water wars: emerging science for environmental decision making. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1(6): 298-306.

Olden, J.D., and N.L. Poff. 2003. Toward a mechanistic understanding and prediction of biotic homogenization. American Naturalist 162:442-460.

Poff, N.L., T.A. Wellnitz, and J.B. Monroe. 2003. Redundancy among three herbivorous insects across an experimental current velocity gradient. Oecologia 134:262-269

Olden, J.D., and N.L. Poff. 2003. Redundancy and the choice of hydrologic indices for characterizing streamflow regimes. River Research and Applications 19:101-121.

Blinn, D.W., and N.L. Poff. The Colorado River System, Pages 483-538 in Rivers of North America (A.C. Benke and C.E. Cushing, eds.) 2003. Academic Press. (In Press) NA

Opsahl, R.W., T. Wellnitz, and N.L. Poff. 2003. Current velocity and invertebrate grazing regulate stream algae: results of an in situ electrical exclusion. Hydrobiologia 499(1-3): 135-145.

Baron, J.S., N.L. Poff, P.L. Angermeier, C.N. Dahm, P.H. Gleick, N.G. Hairston, Jr., R.B. Jackson, C.A. Johnston, B.G. Richter, and A.D. Steinman. 2003. Sustaining healthy freshwater ecosystems. Issues in Ecology#10. Ecological Society of America.




Poff, N.L., and D.D. Hart. 2002. How dams vary and why it matters for the emerging science of dam removal. BioScience 52: 659-668.

Hart, D.D., and N.L. Poff. 2002. Introduction to Special Issue. BioScience 52(8): 653-655.

Poff, N.L. 2002. Ecological response to and management of increased flooding due to climate change. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (A) 360:1497-1510.

Lamouroux, N., N.L. Poff, and P.L. Angermeier. 2002. Convergence of stream fish community traits in France and Virginia (USA) streams along hydraulic and geomorphic gradients Ecology 83:1792-1807.

Baron, J.S., N.L. Poff, P.L. Angermeier, C.N. Dahm, P.H. Gleick, N.G. Hairston, Jr., R.B. Jackson, C.A. Johnston, B.G. Richter, and A.D. Steinman. 2002. Meeting ecological and societal needs for freshwater. Ecological Applications 121247-1260.

Benda, L., N.L. Poff, C. Tague, M.A. Palmer, J. Pizzuto, S.L. Cooper, E.H. Stanley, G. Moglen, and N. Boekstel. How to avoid train wrecks when using science in environmental problem solving. 2002. BioScience 52:1127-1136.

Cardinale, B.J., M.A. Palmer, C.M. Swan, S. Brooks, and N.L. Poff. 2002. The influence of substrate heterogeneity on biofilm metabolism in a stream ecosystem. Ecology 83:412-422

Pepin, D., N.L. Poff, and J. Baron. 2002. Ecological Effects of Stream and River Water Development, Pages 113-132 in Rocky Mountain Futures (J. Baron, ed.), Island Press. NA

Poff, N.L., M. Brinson, and J.B. Day. 2002. Freshwater and coastal ecosystems and global climate change: a review of projected impacts for the United States. Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Arlington, VA. 44 pp.




Poff, N.L, P.L. Angermeier, S.D. Cooper, P.S. Lake , K.D. Fausch, K.O. Winemiller, L.A.K. Mertes, M.W. Oswood, J.Reynolds, and F.J. Rahel. 2001. Fish diversity in streams and rivers. Pages 315-349 in F.S. Chapin, O.E. Sala, and R. Huber-Sannwald (eds.), Scenarios of future biodiversity. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Wellnitz, T.A., and N.L. Poff. 2001. Functional redundancy in heterogeneous environments: implications for conservation Ecology Letters 4:177-179.

Wellnitz, T.A., N.L. Poff, G. Cosyleon, and B. Steury. 2001. Current velocity and spatial scale as determinants of the distribution and abundance of two rheophilic herbivorous insects. Landscape Ecology 16:111-120.

Frissell, C.A., N.L. Poff, and M.E. Jensen. 2001. Assessment of biotic patterns in freshwater ecosystems. Pages 390-403 in M.E. Jensen and P.S. Bourgeron (eds.), A Guidebook for Integrated Ecological Assessments. Springer, New York.

Jensen, M.E., I.A. Goodman, P.S. Bourgeron, N.L. Poff, and C.K. Brewer. 2001. Effectiveness of direct and indirect biophysical criteria in the hierarchical classification of drainage basins. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 37:1155-1167.




Sala, O.E., F.S. Chapin III, J.J. Armesto, E. Berlow, J. Bloomfield, R. Dirzo, E. Huber-Sanwald, L.F. Huenneke, R. Jackson, A. Kinzig, R. Leemans, D. Lodge, H.A. Mooney, M. Oesterheld, N.L. Poff, M.T. Sykes, B.H. Walker, M. Walker, and D.H. Wall. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287:1770-1774.




Meyer, J.L., M.J. Sale, P.J. Mulholland, and N.L. Poff. 1999. Impacts of climate change on aquatic ecosystem functioning and health. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 35:1373-1386.




Poff, N.L., and J.D. Allan. 1998. Not a panacea -- reply. BioScience 48:427-428.

Poff, N.L., and A.D. Huryn. 1998. Multi-scale determinants of secondary production in Atlantic salmon streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55 (Suppl. 1): 201-217.

Marschall, E.A., D.A. Roff, T.P. Quinn, J.A. Hutchings, N.B. Metcalf, T.A. Bakke, R.L. Saunders, and N.L. Poff. 1998. A framework for understanding Atlantic salmon life history. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55 (Suppl. 1): 48-58.




Poff, N.L., J.D. Allan, M. B. Bain, J.R. Karr, K.L. Prestegaard, B. Richter, R. Sparks, and J. Stromberg. 1997. The natural flow regime: a new paradigm for riverine conservation and restoration. BioScience 47:769-784.

Poff, N.L. 1997. Landscape filters and species traits: towards mechanistic understanding and prediction in stream ecology. Journal of the North American Benthological Society16:391-409.

Poff, N.L., and Nelson-Baker, K. 1997. Habitat heterogeneity and algal-grazer interactions in streams: Explorations with a spatially explicit model. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16:263-276.

Palmer, M.A., R.L. Ambrose, and N.L. Poff. 1997. Restoration and community ecology. Restoration Ecology 17:291-301.

Palmer, M.A., and N.L. Poff. 1997. The influence of environmental heterogeneity on patterns and processes in streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16:169-173.




Poff, N.L. 1996. A hydrogeography of unregulated streams in the United States and an examination of scale-dependence in some hydrological descriptors. Freshwater Biology 36:71-91.

Poff, N.L., S. Tokar, and P. Johnson. 1996. Simulated streamflow and ecological responses to climate change using artificial neural networks. Limnology & Oceanography 36:857-863.




Poff, N.L.,and J.D. Allan. 1995. Functional organization of stream fish assemblages in relation to hydrologic variability. Ecology 76:606-627.

Poff, N.L., and J.V. Ward. 1995. Herbivory under different flow regimes: a field experiment and test of a model with a benthic stream insect. Oikos 71:179-188.




Voelz, N.J., N.L. Poff, and J.V. Ward. 1994. Differential effects of a brief thermal disturbance on caddisfly species in a high elevation regulated river. American Midland Naturalist 132:173-182.

Ward, J.V., N.J. Voelz, and N.L. Poff. 1994. Gradient analysis of zoobenthic community structure along a mountain stream continuum. Verhandlungen der internationale Vereinigung des angewandten und theoretische Limnologie 25:1462-1464. NA




Poff, N.L., M.A. Palmer, P.A. Angermeier, C.C. Hakenkamp, R.L. Vadas, A. Bely, P. Arensburger, and A. Martin. 1993. Size structure of the metazoan community in a temperate Piedmont stream. Oecologia 95:202-209.




Poff, N.L. 1992. Why disturbances can be predictable: a perspective on the definition of disturbance in streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 11:86-92.

Poff, N.L. 1992. Regional stream hydrology: climate change and ecological implications. In P.L. Firth and S.G. Fisher (eds.), Global climate change and freshwater ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, New York. pp. 88-115.

Poff, N.L., and J.V. Ward. 1992. Heterogeneous currents and algal resources mediate in situ foraging activity of a mobile stream grazer. Oikos 65:465-478.




Poff, N.L., R. DeCino, and J.V. Ward. 1991. Size-dependent mayfly responses to experimental streamflow variation: active predator avoidance or passive hydrodynamic displacement? Oecologia 88:577-586.

Poff, N.L., and J.V. Ward. 1991. Drift responses of benthic invertebrates to experimental hydrologic variation in a regulated stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48:1926-1936.




Poff, N.L., and J.V. Ward. 1990. The physical habitat template of lotic systems: recovery in the context of historical pattern of spatio-temporal heterogeneity. Environmental Management 14:629-646.

Poff, N.L., N.J. Voelz, J.V. Ward, and R.E. Lee. 1990. Algal colonization under four experimentally-controlled current regimes in a high mountain stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 9:303-318.




Poff, N.L., and J.V. Ward. 1989. Implications of streamflow variability and predictability for lotic community structure: a regional analysis of streamflow patterns. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 46:1805-1818.




Poff, N.L., and J.V. Ward. 1988. Use of occupied Glossosoma verdona (Trichoptera: Glossosomatidae) cases by early instars of Baetis spp. (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) in a Rocky Mountain stream. Entomological News 99:97-101. NA





Poff, N.L., and R.A. Matthews. 1986. Benthic macroinvertebrate community structural and functional group response to thermal enhancement in the Savannah River and a Coastal Plain tributary. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 106: 119-137.

Hauer, F.R., N.L. Poff, and P. Firth. 1986. Leaf litter decomposition across broad thermal gradients in southeastern Coastal Plain streams and swamps. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 3:545-552. NA




Poff, N.L., and R.A. Matthews. 1985. The replacement of Stenonema spp. by Caenis diminuta Walker as the numerical dominant in the mayfly assemblage of a thermally-stressed stream. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 3:19-26.


Book Reviews

Poff, N.L. 1991. An Assessment of the Kalabagh Dam Project on the River Indus Pakistan, by M. N. Gazdar. Environmental Management Society, Pakistan Environmental Network, Karachi Pakistan, 1990. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management. NA

Poff, N.L. 1990. Climate Change and U.S. Water Resources, by P.E. Waggoner (ed). Wiley Interscience Publication, NY, 1990. Water Resources Bulletin. NA


Reports and Non-peer-reviewed papers

Rader, R.B., and N.L. Poff. 1999 (January). Development of an individual-based trout instream flow model. Published in "Stream Notes", US Forest Service, Ft. Collins, CO. NA

Poff, N.L., and J.D. Allan. 1993. Streamflow variability, fish community structure, and implications for climatic change. Report for contract #CR-81654-0010, ERL-D, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 308 pp. NA

Trout Unlimited's North American Salmonid Policy: Science-based guidance for 21st Century coldwater conservation. 1997. 46 pp. (Arlington, VA 22209.) NA



Updated May 10, 2006